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    Default Saladin speaks

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    Who the hell is Saladin? zg
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    Default Saladin the great Arab hero: conqueror of Crusaders

    Quote Originally Posted by zengrifter View Post
    Who the hell is Saladin? zg
    Saladin
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Sultan of Egypt and Syria

    Statue of Saladin in Damascus.
    Reign 1174–1193
    Coronation 1174, Cairo
    Full name Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb
    Born c. 1137–1138
    Birthplace Tikrit, Iraq[1]
    Died March 4, 1193 CE (aged 55-56)
    Place of death Damascus, Syria
    Buried Umayyad Mosque, Damascus, Syria
    Predecessor Nur ad-Din Zangi
    Successor Al-Afdal (Syria)
    Al-Aziz Uthman (Egypt)
    Dynasty Ayyubid
    Father Najm ad-Dīn Ayyūb
    Religious beliefs Sunni Islam

    Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb (Arabic: صلاح الدين يوسف بن أيوب‎, Kurdish: سه*لاحه*دین ئه*یوبی, Selah'edînê Eyubî) (c. 1138–March 4, 1193), better known in the Western world as Saladin, was a Kurdish[2][3] Muslim who became the first Ayyubid Sultan of Egypt and Syria. He led Islamic opposition to the Franks and other European Crusaders in the Levant. At the height of his power, he ruled over Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Hejaz, and Yemen.

    He led the Muslims against the Crusaders and eventually recaptured Palestine from the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem after his victory in the Battle of Hattin. As such, he is a notable figure in Kurdish, Arab, and Muslim culture. Saladin was a strict practitioner of Sunni Islam. His chivalrous behavior was noted by Christian chroniclers, especially in the accounts of the siege of Kerak in Moab, and despite being the nemesis of the Crusaders he won the respect of many of them, including Richard the Lionheart; rather than becoming a hated figure in Europe, he became a celebrated example of the principles of chivalry.

    There are many contemporary and near-contemporary sources available for Saladin's career. Among Saladin's admirers who produced personal biographies are the historians: Qadi al-Fadil from Ascalon; Imad al-Din al-Isfahani, a Persian scholar from Isfahan; and Ibn Shaddad, a jurist from Mosul. Ibn al-Athir (d. 1233), on the other hand, produced a more hostile picture.



    Artistic representation of Saladin.Saladin was born in Tikrit, Iraq. His family was of Kurdish background and ancestry,[2][3] and had originated from the city of Dvin, in medieval Armenia.[4][5] His father, Najm ad-Din Ayyub, was banished from Tikrit and in 1139, he and his uncle Asad al-Din Shirkuh, moved to Mosul. He later joined the service of Imad ad-Din Zengi who made him commander of his fortress in Baalbek. After the death of Zengi in 1146, his son, Nur ad-Din, became the regent of Aleppo and the leader of the Zengids.[6]

    Saladin, who now lived in Damascus, was reported to have a particular fondness of the city, but information on his early childhood is scarce. About education, Saladin wrote "children are brought up in the way in which their elders were brought up." According to one of his biographers, al-Wahrani, Saladin was able to answer questions on Euclid, the Almagest, arithmetic, and law, but this was an academic ideal and it was study of the Qur'an and the "sciences of religion" that linked him to his contemporaries.[6] Several sources claim that during his studies he was more interested in religion than joining the military.[7] Another factor which may have affected his interest in religion was that during the First Crusade, Jerusalem was taken in a surprise attack by the Christians.[7] In addition to Islam, Saladin had a knowledge of the genealogies, biographies, and histories of the Arabs, as well as the bloodlines of Arabian horses. More significantly, he knew the Hamasah of Abu Tammam by heart.

    Pics... Saladin and Guy of Lusignan after battle of Hattin.
    The Eagle of Saladin in Egyptian coat of arms.
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    Quote Originally Posted by zengrifter View Post
    Who the hell is Saladin? zg
    I thought you'd never ask! Saladin is the #1 Arab chieftain warrior-hero from the past that seriously kicked Western ass. Another is Sultan Mehmed II who led the Ottomans when they took Constantinople (now Istanbul) in 1453. History class is now in session. Pay attention.
    Dogma schmogma

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